1. Tillandsias are: epiphytes and need no soil because water and nutrients are absorbed through the leaves.
2.The roots are used as anchors only. Reproduction is by seeds or by offsets called “pups”. A single plant could have up to a dozen pups.
4. Although not normally cultivated for their flowers, some Tillandsia will bloom on a regular basis. In addition, it is quite common for some species to take on a different leaf colour (usually changing from green to red) when about to flower. This is an indication that the plant is monocarpic (flowers once before dying) but offsets around the flowering plant will continue to thrive.
5. Temperature is not critical, the range being from 32°C down to 10°C. They are sensitive to frost, except for the hardiest species, T. usneoides, which can tolerate night-time frosts down to about -10°C.
6. Tillandsia is a primary ingredient in an herbal supplement to treat pollen allergies.
8. The thinner-leafed varieties grow in rainy areas and the thick-leafed varieties in areas more subject to drought. Moisture and nutrients are gathered from the air (dust, decaying leaves and insect matter) through structures on the leaves called trichomes.
9. Tillandsia species are epiphytes (also called aerophytes or air plants) – ie they normally grow without soil while attached to other plants). Epiphytes are not parasitic, depending on the host only for support.
Plantscape Designs Inc. currently uses these tiny bromeliads to enhance the monthly orchid gardens that we create and deliver for our hundreds of corporate interiorscape clients in Waltham, MA