Watering Tillandsias Outdoors is generally easy. A basic rule of thumb is to water them every time you water your other plants. In any area where the humidity is 50% or less it is difficult to over water the plants unless it is very cold. Generally, the warmer and/or drier the air, the more frequently you will water. However, once Tillandsia leaves are wet, more water doesn’t do a thing for them. Wet them and leave them. This makes watering quick and efficient.
For hot, humid climates watering the more xeric Tillys (those with whiter and/or fuzzier leaves) requires more attention. When it is hot and humid the plants don’t dry out as quickly as they would in lower humidity. Yet with high heat there is a higher metabolic rate (like a person running up a hill and breathing hard) but the plants can’t respire (breathe) if the leaf surfaces are wet. With high humidity the leaves don’t dry as quickly after becoming wet so in combination with high heat there is a greater potential for rot to set in. You will want to keep the plants from becoming wet too frequently when it is hot and humid.
Watering Indoors
Watering Tillandsias Indoors is a little more critical than outdoors because one generally cannot use a hose so the watering has to be more precise. The most common mistreatment of tillys indoors, unintentional though it may be, is to under water them. Misting the plants CAN be sufficient but it can also be OVER-sufficient or UNDER sufficient. The plants can look dry but actually remain moist in the crucial center area, in the meristematic tissue where new cells are produced. If this area remains too moist for too long the plant may rot. Likewise, one can mist the plants regularly but, in the end, it isn’t enough to prevent a gradual dehydration that normally manifests itself with the edges of the leaves curling up and “pinching.”
The most secure way to water the plants indoors is to submerge them for a twelve hour period in “good” water, that is, water that is low in dissolved solids and salts. Rain water and bottled drinking water are the best. When the plants are under water for this length of time they have enough water availability for a long enough period of time to completely rehydrate. A soaking in this manner should suffice for ten days to two weeks in average conditions. If a mounting item is too big to submerge, attaching a velcro dot to the plant and the mounting item allows the plant to be easily removed so that it can be rehydrated. Finally, if this just isn’t practical or possible, mist the plants with “good” water and try to monitor the state of hydration as best you can. Once you have the right system down that works in your given situation, watering is a breeze.
One last note. If the plants are soaked, you can put water in a container that has a lid to prevent evaporation. This water can then be used over and over for your soakings. A small pinch of Epiphyte’s Delight fertilizer in the water helps as well and it lasts indefinitely. Shake or jostle the container prior to putting the plants in, in order to remix the fertilizer evenly throughout the water. Also, as the water gets used, more can be added to keep the container full enough to submerge the plants completely.
Plantscape Designs Inc. uses these tillandsias in our terrarium and orchid gardens flowering programs in the Cambridge, Ma corporate plant designs.